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Chapter I General Principles
Article 1     These Regulations are adopted under Article 14, paragraph 2 of the Securities and Exchange Act (the "Act").
Article 2     The financial reports of a stock exchange organized as a company ("company-type stock exchange") shall be prepared in accordance with these Regulations and other applicable laws and regulations. Matters not provided for therein shall be governed by generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).
    The GAAP described in the preceding paragraph shall mean the following, as recognized by the Financial Supervisory Commission (FSC): International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), International Accounting Standards (IAS), and Interpretations developed by the International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (IFRIC) or the former Standing Interpretations Committee (SIC).
Article 3     A company-type stock exchange shall establish an accounting system based on the nature of its accounting matters, the actual conditions and development of its business, and its management needs.
    The accounting system referred to in the preceding paragraph shall separately provide the following items, based on the nature of the company-type stock exchange's business operations, and in a way that meets the needs of preparation of the consolidated financial reports and uniformity in the accounting policies of the company-type stock exchange and its subsidiaries:
  1. A general description of the accounting system.
  2. A chart of journals and ledgers.
  3. Descriptions and uses of accounting items, accounting documents, account books, and accounting statements.
  4. General accounting procedures.
  5. Other items required by the FSC.
    The company-type stock exchange shall see to it that its subsidiaries establish their accounting systems in accordance with the preceding paragraph.
Article 4     The appointment and discharge of the in-charge accountant of a company-type stock exchange shall be approved by a majority of the directors present at a board of directors meeting attended by a majority of the directors, and shall be reported to the FSC for approval or recordation within 5 days after appointment or change.
Article 5     A company-type stock exchange shall use the calendar year as its financial year, with accounts closed on June 30 for the first half of the financial year and on December 31 for the whole financial year.
    The accrual basis of accounting shall be used.
    Accounts shall be expressed in New Taiwan Dollars (NT$).
    The dollar amounts in the financial statements may be presented in thousands of NT dollars rounded to the nearest thousand.
Article 6     "Financial reports" shall mean financial statements, statements of major accounting items, and any other disclosures and explanatory information within the scope of these Regulations that are helpful to the decision making of users.
    A complete set of financial statements shall comprise a balance sheet, a statement of comprehensive income, a statement of changes in equity, a statement of cash flows, and their accompanying notes or supplementary schedules.
    A company-type stock exchange, unless newly established, or under any of the circumstances set out in paragraph 4 herein, or as otherwise required by the FSC, shall prepare the major financial statements and notes described in the preceding paragraph by presenting comparative information for two consecutive periods. The major financial statements shall also be signed or sealed on each page by the company-type stock exchange's chairperson, managerial officer, and principal accounting officer.
    When a company-type stock exchange applies an accounting policy retrospectively or makes a retrospective restatement of items in its financial statements, or when it reclassifies items in its financial statements, it shall do so in accordance with the applicable provisions of IAS 1.
Article 7     Financial reports shall present fairly the financial position, financial performance, and cash flows of a company-type stock exchange without being misleading to an interested party in making judgments and decisions.
    If a financial report violates these Regulations or any other applicable requirements, for which the FSC as a result of an audit gives a notice of adjustment, the company-type stock exchange shall make the required adjustment and correction. If the adjusted amount reaches the threshold set forth in Article 6 of the Securities and Exchange Act Enforcement Rules, the financial report shall be restated and submitted to the FSC.
Article 8     The following shall apply when a company-type stock exchange makes an accounting change:
  1. Change in accounting policy:
    1. When a company-type stock exchange changes an accounting policy voluntarily in a new financial year in order to produce financial reports that provide reliable and more relevant information about the effects of transactions or other events or conditions on its financial position, financial performance, or cash flows, it shall request a certified public accountant (CPA) to provide an item-by-item analysis and review opinion on the reasonableness of the nature of the change in accounting policy, the reasons why applying the new accounting policy provides reliable and more relevant information, each line item affected and the estimated effect for the financial year preceding the earliest financial year affected by retrospective application of the new accounting policy, and the actual effect on the opening balance of retained earnings for the immediately preceding financial year. These shall be submitted as a proposal for adoption by resolution of the board of directors, after which they shall be submitted to the FSC for approval.
    2. If, for the voluntary change in accounting policy in the new financial year, it is impracticable to determine either the period-specific effects or the cumulative effect of the change, as described in paragraph 23 of IAS 8, the company-type stock exchange shall calculate the effects in accordance with paragraph 24 of IAS 8 and the preceding item above, and shall request a CPA to provide an item-by-item analysis and review opinion on the reasonableness of the reasons why retrospective application is impracticable and how and from when the change in accounting policy has been applied, and also provide an opinion on the impact on the audit opinion for the financial year preceding the change in accounting policy. The company-type stock exchange shall then follow the procedure described above.
    3. Unless it is impracticable to determine the effects as described in the preceding item, then within 2 months after the beginning of the financial year in which the new accounting policy is adopted, the company-type stock exchange shall calculate the line items affected and the actual effect for the financial year preceding the earliest financial year affected by retrospective application of the new accounting policy and the actual effect on the opening balance of retained earnings for the immediately preceding financial year, and shall submit those to the board of directors, after which they shall be submitted to the FSC for recordation. If the difference between the actual effect of the change in accounting policy and the original estimated effect is NT$10 million or more, and is also 1 percent or more of net operating revenues for the immediately preceding financial year, or 5 percent or more of paid-in capital, the company-type stock exchange shall analyze the reasons for the difference and request a CPA to provide an opinion on its reasonableness. The analysis and the CPA's opinion shall also be filed with the FSC for recordation.
    4. Except when applying a new accounting policy to newly purchased assets, in which case the provisions of the preceding items need not be applied, if a change in accounting policy is applied without having been duly filed for approval, the financial reports for the financial year in which the new accounting policy was applied shall be restated, and the new accounting policy may only be applied from the next financial year after a supplementary filing has been made and approved.
    5. If the shares of a company-type stock exchange have a par value other than NT$10, for the calculation of the 5 percent of paid-in capital under item C, 2.5 percent of the equity attributable to owners of the parent as stated in the balance sheet shall be substituted.
  2. With respect to any matter among accounting estimates in relation to a change in the useful life or depreciation method of depreciable assets, a change in the amortization period or amortization method of intangible assets, or a change in the residual value of any such assets, in addition to complying with item D of the preceding subparagraph, a company-type stock exchange shall request a CPA to provide an analysis and review opinion on the reasonableness of the nature of the changes in accounting estimates and the reasons why the changes in accounting estimates can provide reliable and more relevant information. Those changes in accounting estimates shall then be submitted as a proposal for adoption by resolution of the board of directors, after which they shall be submitted to the FSC for approval.
Article 9     A company-type stock exchange shall prepare consolidated financial reports in accordance with Chapter II of these Regulations and IFRS 10, and shall prepare annual parent company only financial reports in accordance with Chapter IV of these Regulations.
    A company-type stock exchange that does not have a subsidiary shall prepare individual financial reports in accordance with Chapter II of these Regulations, and when preparing annual individual financial reports shall also prepare statements of major accounting items in accordance with Article 25 of these Regulations.
    A company-type stock exchange preparing interim financial reports shall follow the provisions of Chapters II and III of these Regulations as well as IAS 34, and when preparing semi-annual financial reports shall also prepare semi-annual parent company only financial reports pursuant to Articles 23 to 25, or semi-annual individual financial reports pursuant to Article 25.
Article 10     The meaning of "parent," "subsidiary," "associate," and "joint arrangement" as used in these Regulations shall be determined in accordance with IFRS 10, IFRS 11, and IAS 28.
    The meaning of "control," "significant influence," or "joint control" as used in these Regulations shall be determined in accordance with IFRS 10, IFRS 11, and IAS 28.
Chapter II Financial Reports
Section I Balance Sheet
Article 11     Assets shall be properly classified. Current and non-current assets shall be distinguished, except when a presentation of all assets in order of liquidity provides information that is reliable and more relevant.
    For each asset line item, the total amount expected to be recovered within 12 months after the balance sheet date and the total amount expected to be recovered more than 12 months after the balance sheet date shall be separately presented in the financial reports or disclosed in the notes.
     Current assets means that the company-type stock exchange expects to realize the asset, or intends to sell or consume it, in its normal operating cycle; that it holds the asset primarily for the purpose of trading; that it expects to realize the asset within 12 months after the balance sheet date; or that the asset is cash or a cash equivalent, unless the asset is to be used for an exchange or to settle a liability, or otherwise remains restricted, at more than 12 months after the balance sheet date. As a minimum, current assets shall include the following asset line items:
  1. Cash and cash equivalents:
    1. Cash on hand, demand deposits, and short-term, highly liquid time deposits or investments that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.
    2. A company-type stock exchange shall disclose the components of cash and cash equivalents and the policy which it adopts in determining the composition of cash and cash equivalents.
  2. Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss –current:
    1. Financial assets held for trading:
      1. Assets that are acquired principally for the purpose of sale in the near term.
      2. Assets that, upon initial recognition, are a part of a portfolio of identified financial instruments that are managed together and for which there is evidence of a recent pattern of short-term profit-taking.
      3. Assets that are derivative financial assets, except for derivative financial assets that are financial guarantee contracts or designated and effective hedging instruments.
    2. Financial assets that, except for those designated as hedged items under hedge accounting requirements, are designated upon initial recognition as at fair value through profit or loss.
    3. Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss shall be measured at fair value.
  3. Available-for-sale financial assets –current:
    1. Financial assets that are not derivative financial assets and are designated as available-for-sale.
    2. Financial assets that are neither derivative financial assets nor any of the following:
      1. Financial assets measured at fair value through profit or loss.
      2. Held-to-maturity financial assets.
      3. Financial assets measured at cost.
      4. Debt instrument investments for which no active market exists.
      5. Receivables.
    3. Available-for-sale financial assets shall be measured at fair value.
  4. Derivative financial assets for hedging –current: Any derivative financial asset that is a designated and effective hedging instrument under hedge accounting requirements. Any such asset shall be measured at fair value.
  5. Financial assets measured at cost –current: Refers to financial assets that meet all of the following conditions:
    1. An investment in equity instruments that do not have a quoted price in an active market, or a derivative instrument that is linked to such equity instruments that do not have a quoted price in an active market and that shall settled by delivery of such equity instruments.
    2. The fair value cannot be reliably measured.
  6. Debt instrument investments for which no active market exists –current:
    1. Debt instrument investments that do not have a quoted price in an active market and with fixed or determinable payments, and that meet all of the following conditions:
      1. Not classified as at fair value through profit or loss.
      2. Not designated as available-for-sale.
      3. There are no other reasons except for credit worsening that are likely to cause the holder to not be able to recover almost all of the original investments.
    2. Debt instrument investments for which no active market exists shall be measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.
  7. Trade receivables: Refers to claims resulting from principal business operations:
    1. Trade receivables shall be measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method. However, short-term trade receivables with no stated interest rate may be measured at the original invoice amount if the effect of discounting is immaterial.
    2. With respect to discounted or transferred trade receivables, an assessment shall be made to determine whether the risks and rewards of the trade receivables, and the control retained over them, will qualify them for derecognition in accordance with IAS 39, and the trade receivables shall then be disclosed in accordance with IFRS 7.
    3. Trade receivables from related parties in significant amounts shall be presented separately.
    4. At each balance sheet date an assessment shall be made of whether there is any uncollectible amount from trade receivables and an appropriate allowance for doubtful debts shall be made.
  8. Other receivables: Refers to receivables other than notes receivable and trade receivables. At each balance sheet date an assessment shall be made of whether there is any unrecoverable amount from other receivables and an appropriate allowance for doubtful debts shall be made.
  9. Current tax assets: The portion of the tax amount already paid in respect of current and prior periods that exceeds the amount due for those periods.
  10. Prepayments: All prepayments and prepaid expenses.
  11. Non-current assets held for sale:
    1. Any non-current asset, or asset included in a disposal group held for sale, that is available for immediate sale in its present condition subject only to terms that are usual and customary for sales of such disposal groups, and whose sale must be highly probable.
    2. The measurement, presentation, and disclosure of non-current assets held for sale and disposal groups held for sale shall be made in accordance with IFRS 5.
    3. When non-current assets or disposal groups classified as held for sale no longer meet the criteria in IFRS 5, they shall cease to be classified as held for sale.
    4. When assets or disposal groups meet the definition of held for distribution to owners, they shall be reclassified from held for sale to held for distribution to owners, and shall be deemed an extension of the original disposal plan, and the classification, presentation, and measurement of the new disposal plan shall apply. When the assets or disposal groups classified as held for distribution to owners no longer meet the criteria in IFRS 5, they shall cease to be classified as held for distribution to owners.
  12. Other current assets: Current assets not attributable to any of the classes above.
    Non-current assets means tangible, intangible and financial assets of a long-term nature, other than assets classified as current. As a minimum, non-current assets shall include the following asset line items:
  1. Held-to-maturity financial assets – non-current:
    1. A non-derivative financial asset with fixed or determinable payments and fixed maturity, and which the enterprise has the positive intention and ability to hold to maturity, excluding the following items:
      1. Assets that are designated, upon initial recognition, as at fair value through profit or loss.
      2. Assets that are designated as available-for-sale.
      3. Assets that meet the definition of loans and receivables.
    2. Held-to-maturity financial assets shall be measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.
  2. Investments accounted for using the equity method:
    1. The valuation and presentation of investments accounted for using the equity method shall be made in accordance with IAS 28.
    2. When investment gain or loss is recognized, if the financial reports prepared by an associate do not conform to these Regulations, those financial reports shall first be adjusted to achieve conformance before they may be used to recognize investment gain or loss. The financial reports of an associate used in applying the equity method shall be prepared as of the same date as that of the investor, and if prepared as of a different date, adjustments shall be made for the effects of significant transactions or events that occur between that date and the date of the investor's financial reports. In no case shall there be more than 3 months difference between the balance sheet date of the associate and that of the investor. If a CPA determines, pursuant to Statement of Auditing Standards No. 51, that an associate has a material effect on the fair presentation of the financial reports of an investor, the financial reports of the associate shall be audited by a CPA in accordance with the Regulations Governing Auditing and Certification of Financial Statements by Certified Public Accountants and generally accepted auditing standards.
    3. If an investment accounted for using the equity method is pledged as collateral or otherwise subject to any restriction or limitation, that fact shall be noted.
  3. Property and equipment:
    1. Tangible asset items that are held for use in the production or supply of goods or services, for rental to others, or for administrative purposes, and that are expected to be used during more than 1 financial year or 1 operating cycle.
    2. Property and equipment shall be subsequently measured using the cost model and accounted for in accordance with IAS 16.
    3. Each component of property and equipment that is significant shall be depreciated separately. The depreciation method used shall reflect the pattern in which the asset's future economic benefits are expected to be consumed. If that pattern cannot be determined reliably, the straight-line method shall be used. The depreciable amount should be allocated on a systematic basis over the asset's useful life.
    4. When items of property and equipment have different useful lives, or provide economic benefits in different ways, or are subject to different depreciation methods or depreciation rates, the notes to the financial reports shall show each class of their material components.
  4. Investment property:
    1. Property held, by the owner or by the lessee under a finance lease, to earn rentals, or for capital appreciation, or both.
    2. Investment property shall be subsequently measured using the cost model and accounted for in accordance with IAS 40. If the investment property is subsequently measured at fair value, the valuation model, qualifications of the appraiser, and information disclosure shall comply with Article 9, paragraph 4, subparagraph 4 of the Regulations Governing the Preparation of Financial Reports by Securities Issuers.
  5. Intangible assets:
    1. Refers to an identifiable non-monetary asset without physical substance that meets the definition of identifiability, control by an entity, and existence of future economic benefits.
    2. Intangible assets shall be subsequently measured using the cost model and accounted for in accordance with IAS 38.
    3. The amortization method used shall reflect the pattern in which the asset's future economic benefits are expected to be consumed. If that pattern cannot be determined reliably, the straight-line method shall be used. The amortized amount of an intangible asset shall be allocated on a systematic basis over its useful life.
  6. Deferred tax assets: The amounts of income taxes recoverable in future periods in respect of deductible temporary differences, the carryforward of unused tax losses, and the carryforward of unused tax credits.
  7. Settlement and clearing debit items: Refers to an item used by a company-type stock exchange for its securities settlement and clearing operations:
    1. Settlement and clearing funds: Settlement and clearing funds deposited by securities firms in accordance with the Act and the Regulations Governing Securities Firms and the interest revenue and relevant fees arising from these funds shall be recorded under this item. The nature, content, utilization, and pledge status of these funds shall be indicated in the notes to the financial reports.
    2. Settlement prices: Settlement amounts receivable from securities firms.
  8. Other non-current assets: Non-current assets not attributable to any of the classes above.
    The items described in the preceding two paragraphs in relation to financial assets at fair value through profit or loss, derivative financial assets for hedging, available-for-sale financial assets, financial assets measured at cost, debt instrument investments for which no active market exists, held-to-maturity financial assets, trade receivables, and other receivables shall be accounted for in accordance with IAS 39.
    A company-type stock exchange shall assess at each balance sheet date whether there is any objective evidence of impairment for the items described in paragraph 3 and paragraph 4 in relation to available-for-sale financial assets, financial assets measured at cost, debt instrument investments for which no active market exists, held-to-maturity financial assets, trade receivables, other receivables, investments accounted for using the equity method, property and equipment, investment property measured using the cost model, intangible assets, and evaluation assets. If any such evidence exists, the company-type stock exchange shall recognize the amount of any impairment loss in accordance with IAS 39 and IAS 36. If the recoverable amount of non-financial assets is determined on the basis of fair value less costs of disposal, disclose the extra information regarding the fair value measurement, including the level of the fair value hierarchy, the valuation techniques, and the key assumptions. If the recoverable amount is determined on the basis of value in use, disclose the discount rate for value in use measurement.
     With respect to the items described in paragraph 3 and paragraph 4 in relation to financial assets at fair value through profit or loss, derivative financial assets for hedging, available-for-sale financial assets, debt instrument investments for which no active market exists, held-to-maturity financial assets, trade receivables, other receivables, non-current assets held for sale, and investment property, the measurement and disclosure of fair value shall be made in accordance with IFRS 13.
    The items described in paragraph 3 and paragraph 4 in relation to financial assets at fair value through profit or loss, derivative financial assets for hedging, available-for-sale financial assets, financial assets measured at cost, debt instrument investments for which no active market exists, and held-to-maturity financial assets shall be distinguished as current and non-current based on liquidity.
Article 12     Liabilities shall be properly classified. Current and non-current liabilities shall be distinguished, except when a presentation of all liabilities in order of liquidity provides information that is reliable and more relevant.
    For each liability line item, the total amount expected to be settled within 12 months after the balance sheet date and the total amount expected to be settled more than 12 months after the balance sheet date shall be separately presented in the financial reports or disclosed in the notes.
     Current liability means that the company-type stock exchange expects to settle the liability in its normal operating cycle; that it holds the liability primarily for the purpose of trading; that it expects to settle the liability when due within 12 months after the balance sheet date, even if an agreement to refinance or to reschedule payments on a long-term basis is completed after the balance sheet date and before the financial reports are authorized for issue; or that it does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the balance sheet date. Terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counterparty, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not affect its classification. As a minimum, current liabilities shall include the following liability line items:
  1. Short-term borrowings:
    1. Includes short-term borrowings from banks, overdrafts, and other short-term borrowings.
    2. For short-term borrowing, the nature of the borrowing, the name of the lending bank, the interest rate range, the maturity date, and the guarantee status shall be noted based on the type of borrowing. If collateral is provided, the name and carrying amount of the collateral shall be stated.
    3. Borrowings from financial institutions, shareholders, employees, related parties, and other individuals or institutions shall be separately noted.
  2. Short-term bills payable:
    1. Short-term bills issued through financial institutions to acquire funds from the money market, including commercial paper payable and bankers' acceptances.
    2. Short-term bills payable shall be measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method. However, short-term bills payable with no stated interest rate may be measured at the original face amount if the effect of discounting is immaterial.
    3. For short-term bills payable, the guarantor or accepting institution and the interest rate shall be noted. If collateral is provided, the name and carrying amount of the collateral shall be noted.
  3. Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss – current:
    1. Financial liabilities held for trading:
      1. Liabilities that are incurred principally for the purpose of repurchasing them in the near term.
      2. Liabilities that, upon initial recognition, are part of a portfolio of identified financial instruments that are managed together and for which there is evidence of a recent pattern of short-term profit-taking.
      3. Liabilities that are derivative financial liabilities, except for financial guarantee contracts or derivative financial liabilities that are designated and effective hedging instruments.
    2. Financial liabilities that, except for those designated as hedged items under hedge accounting requirements, are designated upon initial recognition as at fair value through profit or loss.
    3. Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss shall be measured at fair value. However, with respect to a financial liability designated as at fair value through profit or loss, if the amount of change in the fair value of the financial liability is attributable to change in the credit risk, it shall be recognized in other comprehensive income, unless for the purpose of avoiding accounting mismatch or in the case of loan commitments and financial guarantee contracts, under which circumstances the amount of changes in fair value shall be recognized in profit or loss.
  4. Derivative financial liabilities for hedging -- current: A derivative financial liability that is a designated and effective hedging instrument under hedge accounting requirements. Any such liability shall be measured at fair value.
  5. Financial liabilities measured at cost -- current: derivative instrument liabilities that are linked to such equity instruments that do not have a quoted price in an active market and that shall be settled by delivery of such equity instruments, and the fair value cannot be reliably measured.
  6. Trade payables:
    1. Refers to payables resulting from principal business operations.
    2. Trade payables shall be measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method. However, short-term trade payables with no stated interest rate may be measured at the original invoice amount if the effect of discounting is immaterial.
    3. Trade payables arising from operating activities shall be presented separately from other payables arising from non-operating activities.
    4. Payables to related parties in significant amounts shall be presented separately.
    5. If collateral has been provided for trade payables, the name and carrying amount of the collateral shall be noted.
  7. Other payables: Payables other than notes payable and trade payables, such as tax payable, accrued payroll, and dividends payable. For dividends and bonuses payable passed by resolution of the shareholders meeting, the distribution method and scheduled payment date, if determined, shall be disclosed.
  8. Current tax liabilities: Unpaid tax for current and prior periods.
  9. Provisions -- current:
    1. Refers to any liability of uncertain timing or amount.
    2. Provisions shall be accounted for in accordance with IAS 37.
    3. A provision shall be recognized when a company-type stock exchange has a present obligation as a result of a past event, and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation, and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.
    4. A company-type stock exchange shall disaggregate provisions into provisions for employee benefits and other items in the notes to the financial reports.
  10. Liabilities directly associated with non-current assets held for sale: Any liability included in a disposal group held for sale that is available for immediate sale in its present condition subject only to terms that are usual and customary for sales of such disposal groups, and whose sale must be highly probable.
  11. Other current liabilities: Current liabilities not attributable to any of the classes above.
     Non-current liabilities means liabilities other than current liabilities. As a minimum, non-current liabilities shall include the following liability line items:
  1. Bonds payable (including overseas bonds): Refers to bonds issued by a company-type stock exchange:
    1. For issued bonds, the total approved amount, interest rate, maturity date, name of collateral, carrying amount, issuing area, and other relevant terms and restrictions shall be noted in the notes to the financial reports. If the bonds are convertible bonds, the method of conversion and amounts already converted shall also be noted.
    2. Premiums and discounts on bonds payable are valuations of bonds payable. They shall be presented as an addition to or deduction from bonds payable, and shall also be amortized, as an adjustment to interest expenses, using the effective interest method during the period of bond circulation.
  2. Long-term borrowings:
    1. Includes long-term borrowings from banks and other long-term borrowings or borrowings repaid in installments. For long-term borrowings, the content, maturity date, interest rate, name of collateral, carrying amount, and any other important restriction terms shall be noted.
    2. For a long-term borrowing repaid in a foreign currency or in an amount translated at a foreign exchange rate, the name and amount of such foreign currency shall be noted.
    3. Long-term borrowings from shareholders, employees, and related parties shall be noted separately.
    4. Long-term notes payable and other long-term payables shall be measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.
  3. Deferred tax liabilities: The amounts of income taxes payable in future periods in respect of taxable temporary differences.
  4. Settlement and clearing credit items: An item used by a company-type stock exchange for its securities settlement and clearing operations:
    1. Deposits received for settlement and clearing funds: A contra item to the "settlement and clearing funds" on the assets side. The nature, content, utilization, and pledge status of these deposited funds shall be indicated in the notes to the financial reports.
    2. Settlement prices: Settlement amounts payable to securities firms.
  5. Other non-current liabilities: Non-current liabilities not attributable to any of the classes above:
    The items described in the preceding two paragraphs in relation to financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss, derivative financial liabilities for hedging, financial liabilities measured at cost, trade payables, and other payables shall be accounted for in accordance with IAS 39.
     With respect to the items described in paragraphs 3 and 4 in relation to financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss, derivative financial liabilities for hedging, trade payables, other payables, liabilities directly associated with non-current assets held for sale, bonds payable, and long-term borrowings, the measurement and disclosure of fair value shall be made in accordance with IFRS 13.
    The items described in paragraph 3 and paragraph 4 in relation to financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss, derivative financial liabilities for hedging, financial liabilities measured at cost, and provisions shall be distinguished as current and non-current based on liquidity.
Article 13     Equity items, their components, and information to be disclosed in the balance sheet are as follows:
  1. Equity attributable to owners of the parent:
    1. Share capital:
      1. Capital contributed by shareholders to a company-type stock exchange and registered with the competent authority in charge of company registration, but excluding preferred shares in the nature of liabilities.
      2. For share capital, the classes, par value per share, the number of shares authorized, the number of shares issued and fully paid, a reconciliation of the number of shares outstanding at the beginning and at the end of the period, the rights, preferences and restrictions attaching to each class of share capital, shares in the company-type stock exchange held by the company-type stock exchange or by its subsidiaries or associates, shares reserved for issue (or for transfer or conversion) under options and contracts for the sale of shares, and special conditions shall be disclosed in the notes.
      3. If convertible preferred shares or overseas depositary receipts are issued, the issuing area, issuance and conversion methods, converted amount, and special conditions shall be disclosed.
    2. Capital surplus: Means the equity components of financial instruments issued by a company-type stock exchange or premiums resulting from share capital transactions between a company-type stock exchange and its owners, and typically includes premium in excess of the par value of the shares issued, donated surplus, and others arising as a result of regulatory provisions associated with these Regulations. Capital surpluses shall be presented separately according to their nature; if there is any restriction on their use, the restriction shall be disclosed in the notes.
    3. Retained earnings (or accumulated deficit): Refers to equity resulting from operating activities, including legal reserves, special reserves, and undistributed earnings (or deficit to be offset):
      1. Legal reserve: A fixed-percentage reserve appropriated as required by the Company Act.
      2. Special reserve: A reserve appropriated from earnings in accordance with the requirements of applicable laws and regulations, contracts, or articles of incorporation, or as resolved at shareholders meetings.
      3. Undistributed earnings (or deficit to be offset): Undistributed and unappropriated earnings ("deficit to be offset" is deficit not yet offset).
      4. An earnings distribution or offsetting of deficit shall not be accounted for unless and until approved by a regular shareholders meeting. However, when an earnings distribution or offsetting of deficit has been proposed, such shall be disclosed in the notes to the financial reports for the current period.
    4. Other equity: Includes the accumulated balances of exchange differences resulting from translating the financial statements of a foreign operation, of unrealized gains or losses from available-for-sale financial assets, of the effective portion of gains and losses on hedging instruments in a cash flow hedge, and of revaluation surplus.
    5. Treasury shares: Treasury shares shall be accounted for using the cost method and presented as a deduction from equity. The number of shares shall be noted.
  2. Non-controlling interest:
    1. The equity in a subsidiary not attributable, directly or indirectly, to a parent.
    2. For each business combination, the components of non-controlling interest in the acquiree shall be measured in accordance with IFRS 3.
    3. A company-type stock exchange shall disclose information on any subsidiary in which it has a non-controlling interest of materiality and on the non-controlling interest in accordance with IFRS 12.
     A company-type stock exchange may elect to recognize the remeasurements of defined benefit plans in retained earnings or other equity, and disclose the accounting policy in the notes. Remeasurements of defined benefit plans that have been recognized in other equity may not be reclassified into profit or loss or transferred into retained earnings in a subsequent period.
Section II Statement of Comprehensive Income
Article 14     A company-type stock exchange shall present all items of income and expense recognized in a period in a single statement of comprehensive income displaying components of profit or loss and components of other comprehensive income.
    A company-type stock exchange shall present expenses recognized in profit or loss under the preceding paragraph using a classification based on their nature.
    When items of income or expense are material, a company-type stock exchange shall disclose their nature and amount separately in the financial statements or in the notes.
    As a minimum, the statement of comprehensive income shall include the following line items:
  1. Revenue:
    1. Exchange fee revenue: Revenue from exchange fees paid to a company-type stock exchange on a monthly basis and at an approved rate by securities brokers based on the volume of customer trades or by securities dealers based on the volume of proprietary trades made for their own accounts.
    2. Securities listing fee revenue: Revenue from listing fees paid to a company-type stock exchange by listed companies based on their paid-in capital in accordance with the Agreement for Listing of Securities.
    3. On-line processing fee revenue: Revenue from stipulated fees paid by securities firms for using the computer equipment of a company-type stock exchange in relation to the centralized securities market.
    4. Information usage fee revenue: Revenue from stipulated fees paid by institutions such as securities firms, futures commission merchants, and domestic and foreign information companies for using the information transmitted by a company-type stock exchange.
    5. Data processing fee revenue: Revenue from stipulated fees paid by the Taipei Exchange for the processing of data by a company-type stock exchange on its behalf.
    6. Other revenue: Revenues not attributable to any of the items above.
    7. The recognition and measurement of revenue shall be made in accordance with IAS 18. When, and only when, a company-type stock exchange assesses it has exposure to the significant risks and rewards for the sale of goods or the rendering of services based on an examination of the circumstances of the transaction, the recognition of revenue shall be based on the gross amount; otherwise, the recognition of revenue shall be based on the net amount.
  2. Operating expense: The expenses to be borne as a result of operating activities in the period, including employee benefits expense, depreciation and amortization expense, and other operating expense.
  3. Finance costs: Include interest expenditures incurred in relation to operating activities and for all classes of liabilities, with the portion eligible for capitalization being deducted.
  4. Share of the profit or loss of associates and joint ventures accounted for using the equity method: The profit or loss of associates and interests in joint ventures that a company-type stock exchange recognizes using the equity method according to its share in the associates and the interests in joint ventures.
  5. Tax expense (benefit): The aggregate amount included in the determination of profit or loss for the period in respect of current tax and deferred tax.
  6. Profit or loss of discontinued operations:
    1. The post-tax profit or loss of discontinued operations and the post-tax gain or loss recognized on the measurement to fair value less costs to sell or on the disposal of the assets or disposal group(s) constituting the discontinued operation.
    2. The presentation and disclosure of profit or loss of discontinued operations shall be made in accordance with IFRS 5.
  7. Profit or loss during the period: Earnings or deficit in the current reporting period.
  8. Other comprehensive income: Refers to each component of other comprehensive income classified by nature, including share of the other comprehensive income of associates and joint ventures accounted for using the equity method:
    1. Items that may be subsequently reclassified into profit or loss: Include exchange differences resulting from translating the financial statements of a foreign operation, unrealized valuation gains and losses from available-for-sale financial assets, and the effective portion of gains and losses on hedging instruments in a cash flow hedge.
    2. Items not to be reclassified into profit or loss: Include revaluation surplus and remeasurements of defined benefit plans.
  9. Total comprehensive income.
  10. Allocations of profit or loss during the period attributable to non-controlling interest and owners of the parent.
  11. Allocations of total comprehensive income during the period attributable to non-controlling interest and owners of the parent.
  12. Earnings per share:
    1. Basic and diluted earnings per share for profit or loss from continuing operations attributable to the ordinary equity holders of the parent entity and for profit or loss attributable to the ordinary equity holders of the parent entity.
    2. The calculation and presentation of earnings per share shall be made in accordance with IAS 33.
Section III Statement of Changes in Equity
Article 15     As a minimum, the statement of changes in equity shall include the following:
  1. Total comprehensive income during the period, showing separately the total amounts attributable to owners of the parent and to non-controlling interest.
  2. For each component of equity, the effects of retrospective application or retrospective restatement recognized in accordance with IAS 8.
  3. For each component of equity, a reconciliation between the carrying amount at the beginning and the end of the period, separately disclosing changes resulting from:
    1. net profit (or net loss) for the period;
    2. other comprehensive income; and
    3. transactions with owners in their capacity as owners, showing separately contributions by and distributions to owners and changes in ownership interests in subsidiaries that do not result in a loss of control.
    A company-type stock exchange shall present, either in the statement of changes in equity or in the notes, the amount of dividends recognized as distributions to owners during the period, and the related amount of dividends per share.
Section IV Statement of Cash Flows
Article 16     A statement of cash flows provides users of financial statements with a basis to assess the ability of the company-type stock exchange to generate cash and cash equivalents and the needs of the company-type stock exchange to utilize those cash flows. Namely, it presents, through inflows and outflows of cash and cash equivalents, a summary report on the operating, investing and financing activities of the company-type stock exchange during the period. The presentation and disclosure of cash flow information shall be made in accordance with IAS 7.
Section V Notes
Article 17     To meet the objective of presenting full and complete information about the financial position, financial performance, and cash flows of a company-type stock exchange, financial reports shall contain explanatory notes disclosing the following:
  1. History and scope of business operations of the company-type stock exchange.
  2. A statement that the financial reports comply with these Regulations, applicable laws and regulations (giving the title of the laws or regulations), as well as IFRS, IAS, IFRIC Interpretations, and SIC Interpretations.
  3. The date when the financial reports were authorized for issue and the process involved in authorizing the financial reports for issue.
  4. The effect or impact that may arise when it has or has not applied a new or revised IFRS, IAS, IFRIC Interpretation, or SIC Interpretation recognized by the FSC.
  5. A summary of significant accounting policies used that are relevant to an understanding of the financial reports, and the measurement basis (or bases) used in preparing the financial reports.
  6. Significant accounting judgments, estimations, and assumptions, as well as information about the assumptions it makes and other major sources of estimation uncertainty.
  7. Objectives, policies and processes for managing capital, and any change in capital structure, including funding, liability, and equity.
  8. If for a special reason there is a change in accounting treatment, thus affecting the comparison of financial data between two successive periods, the reason for the change and its effect on the financial reports shall be noted.
  9. If it is necessary to provide the basis of valuation for any amount, financial instrument, or other item presented in the financial reports, the basis of valuation shall be noted.
  10. If any item presented in the financial reports is subject to any legal, regulatory, contractual, or other restriction, the circumstances and timing of the restriction and other related information shall be noted.
  11. Criteria for classifying assets and liabilities into current and non-current.
  12. Material contingent liabilities and unrecognized contractual commitments.
  13. Financial risk management objectives and policies.
  14. Long-term and short-term borrowings.
  15. The addition, expansion, construction, lease, obsolescence, idling, sale, transfer, or long-term renting of major assets.
  16. Principal investments in other enterprises.
  17. Significant transactions with related parties.
  18. Losses due to major disasters.
  19. Major litigation pending or concluded.
  20. The signing, completion, voidance, or lapse of major contracts.
  21. Major organizational adjustments and significant management reforms.
  22. Information about employee benefits. The information shall be disclosed in accordance with IAS 19, and shall include the influence of defined benefit plans on the amount, timing, and certainty of future cash flows, actuarial losses and gains arising from changes in demographic assumptions and financial assumptions, and the expected contributions in the next reporting period in the following financial year.
  23. Segment financial information in accordance with IFRS 8, including the scope of business, revenue, and gains and losses of each reportable segment.
  24. Any research and development project funded by another party and the amount.
  25. Information about investments in derivative instruments.
  26. When subsidiaries hold shares in the parent, the names of the subsidiaries and the shareholdings, amounts, and reasons shall be separately presented.
  27. In the case of private placement of securities, the type, issue date, and amount shall be disclosed.
  28. Material effects of changes in government laws and regulations.
  29. Material effects of discontinuance of operations.
  30. Fair value information. The information shall be disclosed in accordance with IFRS 13, and shall include information on recurring or non-recurring fair value measurement of assets and liabilities, inputs such as fair value valuation technique and parameters or assumptions used in fair value measurement, and Level 3 of fair value hierarchy.
  31. Foreign-currency-denominated assets and liabilities that have significant influence: Include the amount of risk exposure, currency, and exchange rate for monetary and non-monetary items denominated in foreign currencies, and the foreign exchange gains or losses on monetary items.
  32. Supporting information for items presented in the balance sheet and in the statements of comprehensive income, of changes in equity and of cash flows, or other necessary descriptions essential for avoiding misunderstanding by users or for the fair presentation of the financial reports.
Article 18     Financial reports shall include explanatory notes on the following subsequent events that occur between the balance sheet date and the date when the financial reports are authorized for issue:
  1. Change in capital structure.
  2. Large long-term or short-term borrowings.
  3. The addition, expansion, construction, lease, obsolescence, idling, sale, pledge, transfer, or long-term renting of major assets.
  4. Principal investments in other enterprises.
  5. Losses due to major disasters.
  6. Major litigation pending or concluded.
  7. The signing, completion, voidance, or lapse of major contracts.
  8. Major organizational adjustments and significant management reforms.
  9. Material effects of changes in government laws and regulations.
  10. Other major events or measures capable of affecting future financial position, financial performance, and cash flows.
Article 19     A company-type stock exchange shall separately disclose in the notes to the financial reports information on the following events between the company-type stock exchange and its subsidiaries during the current period, and on parent-subsidiary transactions:
  1. Information on significant transactions:
    1. Lending funds to others.
    2. Providing endorsements or guarantees for others.
    3. Holding of securities at the end of the period (excluding the portion held due to investment in a subsidiary or an associate, and the portion held due to an interest in a joint venture).
    4. Aggregate purchases or sales of the same securities reaching NT$100 million or 20 percent of paid-in capital or more.
    5. Acquisition of real estate reaching NT$300 million or 20 percent of paid-in capital or more.
    6. Disposal of real estate reaching NT$300 million or 20 percent of paid-in capital or more.
    7. Purchases or sales of goods from or to related parties reaching NT$100 million or 20 percent of paid-in capital or more.
    8. Accounts receivable from related parties reaching NT$100 million or 20 percent of paid-in capital or more.
    9. Trading in derivative instruments.
    10. Others: The business relationship between the parent and the subsidiaries and between each subsidiary, and the circumstances and amounts of any significant transactions between them.
  2. Information on investees:
    1. If the company-type stock exchange directly or indirectly exercises significant influence or control over, or has a joint venture interest in, an investee company, it shall disclose information on the investee company, showing the name, location, principal business activities, original investment amount, shareholding at the end of the period, profit or loss for the period, and recognized investment gain or loss.
    2. The company-type stock exchange is exempted from the requirements of items A to D of the preceding subparagraph when the investee company it controls directly or indirectly is a financial, insurance, or securities enterprise.
     If the shares issued by a company-type stock exchange have a par value other than NT$10, for the calculation of a transaction amount of 20 percent of paid-in capital under subparagraph 1, items D to H of the preceding paragraph, 10 percent of the equity attributable to owners of the parent as stated in the balance sheet shall be substituted.
Article 20     A company-type stock exchange shall fully disclose information on related party transactions in accordance with IAS 24, and the following provisions shall be complied with:
  1. The name and relationship of the related party shall be presented.
  2. If the transaction amount or balance of any single related party reaches 10 percent or more of the company-type stock exchange's total transaction amount or balance of that type of transaction, the name of each such related party shall be individually presented.
    In considering whether a counterparty is a related party, attention shall be directed to the substance of the relationship in addition to the legal form. Unless it can be established that no control, joint control, or significant influence exists, a party falling within any of the following shall be deemed to have a substantive related party relationship, and relevant information shall be disclosed in the notes to the financial reports in accordance with IAS 24:
  1. An affiliated enterprise within the meaning given in Chapter VI-I of the Company Act, and any of its directors, supervisors, and managerial officers.
  2. A company or institution governed by the same general management office as the company-type stock exchange, and any of its directors, supervisors, and managerial officers.
  3. A person holding the position of manager or higher in the general management office.
  4. A company or institution shown as an affiliated enterprise in the company-type stock exchange's publications or public announcements.
  5. Another company or institution whose board chairman or president is the same person as, or is the spouse or a relative within the second degree of kinship of, the board chairman or president of the company-type stock exchange.
Section VI Titles of Financial Statements
Article 21     Titles and forms of financial statements are as follows:
  1. Balance sheet (Forms 1 and 1-1).
  2. Statement of comprehensive income (Forms 2 and 2-1).
  3. Statement of changes in equity (Form 3).
  4. Statement of cash flows (Form 4).
  5. Schedules to the financial reports (Forms 5-1 to 5-10).
Chapter III Interim Financial Reports
Article 22     financial reports shall include interim financial reports for each of the following periods:
  1. Balance sheets as of the end of the current interim period, as of the end of the immediately preceding financial year, and as of the end of the comparable interim periods of the immediately preceding financial year.
  2. Statements of comprehensive income for the current interim period, for the current financial year to the end of the current interim period, for the comparable interim periods of the immediately preceding financial year, and for the immediately preceding financial year to the end of the comparable interim periods.
  3. Statement of changes in equity for the current financial year to date, with a statement of changes in equity for the same period of the immediately preceding financial year.
  4. Statement of cash flows for the current financial year to date, with a statement of cash flows for the same period of the immediately preceding financial year.
     Interim financial reports shall disclose events or transactions of materiality that have occurred since the date of the end of the reporting period of the immediately preceding financial year; the disclosure shall be made in accordance with IAS 34, and shall include the following information:
  1. Possible impact that the application of newly issued or revised standards or interpretations will have on the issuer, as required to be disclosed in accordance with IAS 8.
  2. Qualitative and quantitative disclosure of risks arising from financial instruments, including credit risk, liquidity risk, and market risk, and management of such risks.
  3. Aged analysis of accounts receivable, and changes in allowances for bad debts and evaluated impairment thereof.
  4. Foreign-currency-denominated assets and liabilities that have significant influence, including the amount of risk exposure, currency, and exchange rate for monetary and non-monetary items denominated in foreign currencies, and the foreign exchange gains or losses on monetary items.
  5. Sensitivity analysis of exchange rate risk for monetary items denominated in foreign currencies.
Chapter IV Parent Company Only Financial Reports
Article 23     A company-type stock exchange preparing parent company only financial reports shall apply accounting treatment conforming to the requirements of Chapter II of these Regulations, except when it has control or significant influence over, or a joint venture interest in, an invested company, in which case it shall value the long-term equity investment using the equity method.
    The profit or loss during the period and other comprehensive income presented in parent company only financial reports shall be the same as the allocations of profit or loss during the period and of other comprehensive income attributable to owners of the parent presented in the financial reports prepared on a consolidated basis, and the owners' equity presented in the parent company only financial reports shall be the same as the equity attributable to owners of the parent presented in the financial reports prepared on a consolidated basis.
Article 24     A company-type stock exchange preparing parent company only financial reports is not required to prepare segment information within the scope of IFRS 8.
Article 25     A company-type stock exchange preparing parent company only financial reports shall prepare statements of major accounting items.
    Titles and forms of statements of major accounting items are as follows:
  1. Statements of assets, liabilities, and equity items:
    1. Statement of cash and cash equivalents (Form 6-1).
    2. Statement of financial assets at fair value through profit or loss -- current (Form 6-2).
    3. Statement of available-for-sale financial assets -- current (Form 6-3).
    4. Statement of derivative financial assets for hedging -- current (Form 6-4).
    5. Statement of financial assets measured at cost -- current (Form 6-5).
    6. Statement of debt instrument investments for which no active market exists -- current (Form 6-6).
    7. Statement of trade receivables (Form 6-7).
    8. Statement of other receivables (Form 6-8).
    9. Statement of prepayments (Form 6-9).
    10. Statement of non-current assets held for sale (Form 6-10).
    11. Statement of other current assets (Form 6-11).
    12. Statement of changes in financial assets at fair value through profit or loss -- non-current (Form 6-12).
    13. Statement of available-for-sale financial assets -- non-current (Form 6-13).
    14. Statement of changes in held-to-maturity financial assets -- current (Form 6-14).
    15. Statement of changes in derivative financial assets for hedging -- non-current (Form 6-15).
    16. Statement of financial assets measured at cost -- non-current (Form 6-16)
    17. Statement of debt instrument investments for which no active market exists -- non-current (Form 6-17)
    18. Statement of changes in investments accounted for using the equity method (Form 6-18).
    19. Statement of changes in accumulated impairment of investments accounted for using the equity method (Form 6-19).
    20. Statement of changes in property and equipment (Form 6-20).
    21. Statement of changes in accumulated depreciation of property and equipment (Form 6-21).
    22. Statement of changes in accumulated impairment of property and equipment (Form 6-22).
    23. Statement of changes in investment property (Form 6-23).
    24. Statement of changes in accumulated depreciation of investment property (Form 6-24).
    25. Statement of changes in accumulated impairment of investment property (Form 6-25).
    26. Statement of changes in intangible assets (Form 6-26).
    27. Statement of deferred tax assets (Form 6-27).
    28. Statement of other non-current assets (Form 6-28).
    29. Statement of short-term borrowings (Form 7-1).
    30. Statement of short-term bills payable (Form 7-2).
    31. Statement of financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss -- current (Form 7-3).
    32. Statement of derivative financial liabilities for hedging -- current (Form 7-4).
    33. Statement of financial liabilities measured at cost (Form 7-5).
    34. Statement of trade payables (Form 7-6).
    35. Statement of other payables (Form 7-7).
    36. Statement of provisions -- current (Form 7-8).
    37. Statement of liabilities directly associated with non-current assets held for sale (Form 7-9).
    38. Statement of other current liabilities (Form 7-10).
    39. Statement of changes in financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss -- non-current (Form 7-11).
    40. Statement of derivative financial liabilities for hedging -- non-current (Form 7-12).
    41. Statement of bonds payable (Form 7-13).
    42. Statement of long-term borrowings (Form 7-14).
    43. Statement of provisions -- non-current (Form 7-15).
    44. Statement of deferred tax liabilities (Form 7-16).
    45. Statement of other non-current liabilities (Form 7-17).
  2. Statements of profit or loss items:
    1. Statement of operating revenue (Form 8-1).
    2. Statement of operating expense (Form 8-2).
    3. Statement of finance costs (Form 8-3).
  3. Statement of settlement and clearing funds (Form 9).
  4. Statement of settlement and clearing funds and bank credit lines (Form 10).
  5. Statement of receipts, payments, and use of settlement and clearing funds (Form 11).
    A company-type stock exchange may determine, having regard to the concept of materiality, whether or not to separately present the statements of assets and liabilities items described in subparagraph 1 of the preceding paragraph.
Chapter V First-time Adoption
Article 26     IFRS 1 applies when a company-type stock exchange first adopts IFRS.
    Except when electing to use the deemed cost exemption in accordance with Article 26 below, the company-type stock exchange shall apply IAS 40, IAS 16, IAS 38, and IFRS 6 retrospectively to investment property, property and equipment not classified as for investment or held for sale, and intangible assets in accordance with the preceding paragraph at the date of transition to IFRS.
Article 27     A company-type stock exchange electing to use the deemed cost exemption described in IFRS 1 shall be subject to the following:
  1. If electing to use the fair value of an item of investment property as its deemed cost, the company-type stock exchange shall do so in accordance with Article 9, paragraph 4, subparagraph 4 of the Regulations Governing the Preparation of Financial Reports by Securities Issuers.
  2. For an item of investment property that does not fall within the scope of the preceding subparagraph allowing the use of fair value as deemed cost, of property and equipment not classified as for investment or held for sale, or of intangible assets, the company-type stock exchange may only elect to use a previous GAAP revaluation of that item as deemed cost at the date of the revaluation.
Article 28     For the financial assets or financial liabilities measured at cost upon initial recognition prior to the date of conversion, a company-type stock exchange may, on the date of conversion, elect to use the exemption designated by the previously recognized financial instruments pursuant to IFRS 1, or classifies them as financial assets or financial liabilities held for trading on the premises that they meet the conditions for financial assets or financial liabilities held for trading under Article 11 or 12 of these Regulations.
    Financial assets or financial liabilities not included in the preceding paragraph may not be reclassified on the date of conversion.
Chapter VI Joint Arrangements
Article 29     Joint arrangements are either joint operations or joint ventures, and have the following characteristics:
  1. All of the parties are bound by a contractual arrangement.
  2. The contractual arrangement gives two or more of those parties joint control of the arrangement.
    When a joint arrangement is a joint operation, the assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses relating to the joint operation shall be recognized in accordance with these Regulations, applicable IFRSs, and contractual agreement.
     When a joint arrangement is a joint venture, the interest in the joint venture shall be accounted for using the equity method pursuant to Article 11, paragraph 4, subparagraph 2 and IAS 28.
Chapter VII Supplementary Provisions
Article 30     These Regulations shall come into force from the date of issuance, with the exception of Article 3, Article 6, Article 9, paragraph 1, Articles 10 to 15, Article 17, Article 19, Articles 21 to 23, Article 25, Article 27, and Article 29, as amended on 15 September 2014, which shall come into force from financial year 2015, and the amendments of 10 February 2017, which shall come into force from financial year 2017.